One or two times per day, a male dog can mate successfully with a single female. A healthy and fresh male can successfully mate up to five times in a single day if there are numerous females in heat around.
The male dog may be open to mating up to ten times (or more) every day, but the likelihood of a successful pregnancy is low.
Responsible dog breeders typically avoid breeding a bitch during her first heat to spare the young, developing animal the stress of pregnancy and breastfeeding. Additionally, it is traditional to refrain from breeding a bitch during successive heats to give her enough time to recover in between pregnancies.
The majority of dogs breed for the first time between days 10 and 14 following the commencement of proestrus. The prevailing consensus is that two or three matings, every other day, are acceptable as long as the bitch will accept the male. Proestrus symptoms, though, can be subtle in some heifers. A veterinarian might need to do hormone tests or look at vaginal smears under a microscope to identify the peak reproductive period.
Bitches are frequently brought to the stud because they are typically less inhibited by unfamiliar surroundings. When immature males are bred with seasoned bitches, the breeding process goes more easily. During breedings, human handlers may occasionally need to provide aid or direction. Some breeds are more likely than others to require help because to anatomical factors. Talking about this procedure with your own breeder can help you get ready for any potential assistance you might need.
The male mounts the female from behind and clasps her abdomen with his front legs during breeding. Following penetration and ejaculation are quick pelvic thrusts. The dog and bitch will not separate for 10 to 30 minutes after the pelvic thrusts stop. This condition, known as a tie, is brought on by the bulbus glandis, a swelling area of the penis. The male may move about throughout the tying until he and the chum are positioned rear to rear. Avoid attempting to separate the dogs during the knot since doing so could harm one or both dogs. They will naturally part after a while.
When natural breeding is not feasible, artificial insemination is a reasonably easy method that can be employed. If the correct steps are taken, the AKC will accept the registration of a litter produced through artificial insemination using fresh semen, fresh extended semen, and frozen semen. DNA certification is necessary for these litters to be registered. See the AKC’s registration requirements for a litter produced using artificial insemination for further details.