For the treatment of mild, moderate, or severe congestive heart failure brought on by atrioventricular valvular insufficiency or dilated cardiomyopathy in dogs 6 months of age or older, vetmedin is prescribed. By prescription only, chewable tablets of Vetmedin in doses of 1.25 mg, 2.5 mg, 5 mg, and 10 mg are scored, beef-flavored, porcine-derived medications. Dogs typically receive two doses of 0.23 mg per pound, spaced 12 hours apart. The dosage should be accurate to the nearest half-tablet increment.
Is there a canine equivalent to Vetmedin?
Dogs’ heart failure is an extremely complex condition that frequently calls for several drugs. Understanding the drugs used to treat heart failure can be challenging. This article seeks to discuss Vetmedin, one of the drugs used to treat congestive heart failure. There is currently no generic version of the medication pimobendan, which goes by the brand name Vetmedin. Since it’s crucial to cover every aspect of Vetmedin and the other drugs used to treat heart failure, the series will be divided into articles according to each class.
Vetmedin is a member of the group of medications known as phosphodiesterase III inhibitors (also known as PDE III inhibitors). It is administered to dogs with congestive heart failure in addition to the human medication milronone. The body has the enzyme PDE III, which typically breaks down cAMP. PDE III inhibitors boost the force of the heart’s contraction each time it beats and relax the blood arteries to which it pumps blood by preventing the breakdown of cAMP. Vetmedin can also cause the heart to beat more slowly, allowing the ventricles to hold more blood. Vetmedin can be beneficial in two ways: it increases the amount of blood the heart pumps to the rest of the body and lessens the resistance it must overcome. By doing this, it lessens the signs of canine heart failure but does not treat it. Vetmedin is safer than other medications like milrinone because it doesn’t raise the calcium levels in the heart cells. Due to this, dogs utilize Vetmedin significantly more frequently than humans, and VetRxDirect does not sell milrinone.
Why isn’t Vetmedin accessible?
Due to production problems brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic, there is a shortage of the prescription medication Vetmedin, which is used to treat animals with heart problems.
What is an alternative to Vetmedin?
The U.S. Food and Drug Administration does not intend to object to Boehringer Ingelheim Animal Health USA, Inc. temporarily importing Vetmedin capsules and Vetmedin chews from Canada, the United Kingdom, and Ireland in order to increase the availability of Vetmedin in the United States due to a shortage of the drug pimobendan. Dogs with congestive heart failure brought on by valvular insufficiency or dilated cardiomyopathy are treated with the life-saving drug vetmedin. There isn’t a Vetmedin substitute that has FDA approval. This action should assist in addressing recent shortages of Vetmedin in the United States.
The same active component, pimobendan, is included in all forms of Vetmedin, including capsules, chews, and chewable tablets. However, the labels on these products differ in certain ways. When imported Vetmedin is sold in the United States, it will come with a client information sheet for pet owners that contains comprehensive information on the key labeling differences between the imported and U.S.-approved medications, including the variations in dosage forms, dose, and indications.
On Vetmedin, how long can a dog survive?
These two illnesses are both incredibly lethal and harmful. Dogs with DCM can live for three to twenty four months, depending on how well they respond to treatment. Dogs with MVD typically live less than a year on average. It is obvious that dogs should receive immediate treatment for these illnesses because they should not be handled lightly.
Vetmedin’s usefulness can only be discussed in terms of how long a dog can live. The sickness will not entirely disappear after taking this drug. However, it will considerably prolong your dog’s life and give it the best quality of life. For instance, if a dog has DCM and the prognosis is that they have three months to live, Vetmedin can extend the time you have left with your cherished pet. Even while it might not seem like much, in the event of DCM or MVD, all you could ask for is more time with your dog. From that perspective, Vetmedin can be viewed as being quite effective.
When will it start working?
The similar query from numerous dog owners is, “When will Vetmedin start working? The best response is, “It depends.” Some dogs respond to it right away, while others take some time. However, after using it for roughly a week, the majority of dogs exhibit clinical improvements. The sick dog will continue to improve over the coming weeks, which is fantastic news.
Important Information: The early identification of these two disorders will determine the general health of the dog and how they respond to Vetmedin. The outlook for dogs with the most severe cases of the illness is still quite bad.
Does Vetmedin require a prescription?
Your veterinarian has recommended the drug vetmedin to treat the heart condition in your dog.
Congestive heart failure (CHF) in canines brought on by two different heart conditions is treated by veterinarians.
- Mitral valve dysfunction (MVD)
- enlarged heart disease (DCM)
Vetmedin tablets are also used to treat canines with asymptomatic MVD; when administered to canines with enlarged hearts, Vetmedin prolongs overall survival time and delays the onset of heart failure.
Additionally, Dobermans with asymptomatic DCM are treated with Vetmedin pills, which prolongs survival time and delays the onset of heart failure.
Consult your veterinarian if you have any worries or inquiries concerning the status of your dog or their treatment with Vetmedin.
Can my dog go without Vetmedin for how long?
The most prevalent kind of cardiac disease in canines is mitral valve disease (MVD). Although the disease affects all breeds, small and medium-sized dogs from middle age (4-5 years+) are most frequently affected. All dog breeds, including mixed-breed dogs, are susceptible to MVD, although particular breeds, notably the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel, Miniature Poodle, Miniature Schnauzer, Chihuahua, Fox Terrier, and Boston Terrier, are especially more susceptible.
The heart’s mitral valve thickens, lumps, distorts, and leaks as a result of MVD. Blood is pushed the incorrect way via the broken valve with each heartbeat. A veterinarian can use a stethoscope to listen for a cardiac murmur to indicate this irregular blood flow.
How do I recognise MVD in my dog?
There are two separate stages of MVD: the asymptomatic phase, which lasts for a long time without any outward signs of a problem in a dog with MVD, and the symptomatic phase, which lasts for a shorter time and in which dogs with MVD exhibit symptoms of their heart condition (heart failure phase).
A canine with asymptomatic MVD will look healthy on the outside and lack any telltale signs of illness. A vet will only be able to hear a heart murmur at this point, which is the only symptom. MVD is a condition that progressively becomes worse over time. A dog with MVD may live for many years with only a murmur as their only symptom.
The leak may progressively worsen over time, and as more blood passes through the heart the wrong direction, the murmur becomes louder and the heart is put under more strain. The heart grows bigger and pumps harder to make up for this. There comes a time when the heart can no longer handle the added stress and is unable to adequately circulate blood throughout the body. Heart failure is the term for this.
Heart failure symptoms can initially be extremely modest. However, as the disease progresses and the heart’s function declines, the symptoms get worse.
Heart failure signs and symptoms include:
- increased rate of breathing
- Having trouble breathing
- a challenge to exercise
Dogs with MVD who have heart failure have enlarged hearts as a result of their condition. Heart failure typically develops in dogs with MVD and an enlarged heart within two years after diagnosis. 1
When your dog is examined by the veterinarian, they can discover heart disease symptoms. A veterinarian can hear a murmur in your dog’s heart using a stethoscope, and they may suggest additional testing to determine whether your dog has an enlarged heart.
If a dog with MVD has an enlarged heart, your veterinarian may utilize one of two tests:
A vet can measure the heart’s overall size and look for fluid buildup in the lungs using a chest x-ray. Heart failure would be indicated by fluid in the lungs.
Why do I need to find out if my dog’s heart is enlarged?
It is crucial to determine whether your dog has an enlarged heart since doing so will enable your veterinarian to:
- Find out if your dog would benefit from treatment.
- to give you a precise prognosis
- Follow the development of your dog’s illness.
It is possible to tell whether a heart is enlarged with either test; your veterinarian will talk to you about which test(s) will be best for your dog.
Although neither test hurts, it could be necessary for your dog to spend a few hours in the clinic or consult a cardiac specialist. It is encouraging if your dog’s heart seems normal in an X-ray or ultrasound study. As a result, your dog is less likely to experience heart failure soon.
However, it’s critical to keep in mind that MVD is a progressive illness. Consequently, even if your dog’s heart has not yet enlarged, it is possible that your veterinarian will advise having these tests redone every 6 to 12 months to track the development of their heart condition.
What is Vetmedin’s generic equivalent?
Dogs with congestive heart failure (CHF), typically brought on by either dilated cardiomyopathy or valvular insufficiency, can be treated with pimobendan (brand name: Vetmedin).
It is “off label” or “extra label” to use it to treat heart failure in cats. In veterinary medicine, many medications are frequently used for off-label uses. In these situations, carefully adhere to your veterinarian’s instructions and warnings as they may change dramatically from those on the label.
How is pimobendan given?
On an empty stomach, pimobendan is administered orally in the form of a tablet. Exactly as directed, administer this medication. This medicine should start acting in 1 to 2 hours, but effects might not be immediately apparent, necessitating laboratory testing to determine whether the treatment is effective.
In some nations, it can also be administered intravenously or orally in the form of an oral liquid.
What if I miss giving my pet the medication?
If you forget to take a dose, take it as soon as you recall, but if it is almost time for the next dose, omit the missed dose and take the following one as scheduled. Then, resume your usual dosing schedule. Never administer additional dosages or two doses at once to your pet.
Are there any potential side effects?
The most typical adverse effects are gastrointestinal ones, like diarrhea and a loss of appetite. Lethargy and respiratory issues are some more potential adverse effects. The effects of this quick-acting medicine should wear off after 24 hours, though they may last longer in animals with liver or renal illness.
Are there any risk factors for this medication?
Pets with allergies to pimobendan shouldn’t be given the medication. Additionally, it should not be used on animals who have hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, aortic stenosis, or any other disorders that call for a reduction in cardiac input. When treating pets with uncontrolled irregular cardiac rhythms, use this drug with extreme caution. This drug should be used with caution in young, breeding, pregnant, or breastfeeding animals as well as animals with congenital heart abnormalities, diabetes, or other metabolic diseases.
Are there any drug interactions I should be aware of?
Pimobendan users should use caution when administering calcium antagonists (verapamil and diltiazem) and beta-antagonists to their animals (propranolol, atenolol).
Tell your vet about any medications your pet is receiving, including vitamins, supplements, and herbal treatments.
Is there any monitoring that needs to be done with this medication?
While your pet is receiving this medication, no special monitoring is necessary. To ensure that the drug is having the desired effect, your veterinarian may check on your pet.
What should I do in case of emergency?
Call your veterinarian’s office right away if you think your pet may have taken too much medication or is having an unfavorable reaction to it. Follow their instructions for contacting an emergency facility if they are not readily available.
What is Vetmedin’s generic name?
Veterinary patients are treated with pimobendan (INN, or pimobendane; trade names Vetmedin, Acardi). It has beneficial inotropic and vasodilator effects and is a calcium sensitizer and selective inhibitor of phosphodiesterase 3 (PDE3).
Pimobendan is used to treat canine heart failure, which is typically brought on by either dilated cardiomyopathy or myxomatous mitral valve disease (formerly known as endocardiosis).
 When compared to the ACE inhibitor benazepril, studies have indicated that the monotherapy pimobendan prolongs longevity and enhances quality of life in canine patients with congestive heart failure related to mitral valve disease.  In contrast, it is frequently used with an ACE inhibitor like enalapril or benazepril in clinical practice. It is marketed as Acardi and sold in Japan for human consumption. 
Please stop taking Vetmedin.
Watch for an increase in coughing, more rapid breathing, or less activity if your dog’s congestive heart failure is being controlled at a lower dose because this can happen. If any of these are present, speak with your veterinarian right away.
How long will a dog with CHF survive?
The survival period of affected canines is predicted to be between 6 and 14 months once congestive heart failure starts. However, with the proper care, some dogs can live for almost three years.