Will Ivermectin Kill Ear Mites In Dogs

Ivermectin is most frequently prescribed to dogs and cats to prevent heartworm disease. Additionally, a number of internal and external parasites were treated with drugs that were “off label” or “extra-label.” Ivermectin, for instance, can be used to treat intestinal parasites including hookworms and roundworms in dogs as well as capillaries, mites, and scabies. Ivermectin can be used to treat cat scabies and ear mites in cats.

In veterinary medicine, many medications are frequently used for off-label uses. In these situations, pay close attention to your veterinarian’s instructions and warnings.

How is ivermectin given?

Other deworming drugs may be taken in addition to ivermectin. Ivermectin is offered as tablets, chewable tablets, a topical liquid (for treating ear mites), and an injection that will be given to your pet by your veterinarian.

You can administer it with or without food. Give the medication with food or a little treat to see if that helps if your pet vomits or acts sick after receiving it on an empty stomach. In case the vomiting persists, call your veterinarian.

The procedure for applying topical ivermectin to your pet’s ears will be explained by your veterinarian.

The effects of this drug should be felt within one to two hours, but they might not be immediately apparent. As a result, laboratory tests may be necessary to assess this medication’s efficacy.

What if I miss giving my pet the medication (or my shipment is late)?

As soon as you remember, administer the missing dose; after that, wait the period of time between doses that your veterinarian has advised before administering the subsequent dose. Don’t administer additional dosages or two doses at once to your dog.

If you are taking ivermectin to prevent heartworms and it has been more than 8 weeks since your last dose, speak with your veterinarian for advice.

Are there any potential side effects?

Ivermectin is normally well tolerated but when used in large doses, such as for mite infestations, it can have substantial neurological adverse effects.

Certain breeds, like collies, are only moderately sensitive to ivermectin dosages and may have negative effects at lesser levels.

Some dogs may get a reaction resembling shock from ivermectin. Contact your veterinarian if this occurs.

Contact your veterinarian if you have any side effects, including as nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dilated pupils, unsteadiness when walking, or a confused temperament.

The effects of this quick-acting medicine should wear off after 24 hours, though they may last longer in animals with liver or renal illness.

Are there any risk factors for this medication?

Ivermectin shouldn’t be administered to puppies under 6 weeks of age or to animals lacking a recent negative heartworm test.

Ivermectin sensitivity varies among dog breeds; examples include collies, sheepdogs, and collie- or sheepdog-cross breeds. This is frequently caused by a particular genetic mutation (MDR1) that reduces their tolerance for large doses of ivermectin. These dog breeds can safely receive heartworm preventive doses.

Are there any drug interactions I should be aware of?

There are some drugs that intensify ivermectin’s effects in a pet’s brain (e.g., ketoconazole, itraconazole, cyclosporine, erythromycin, amlodipine besylate, and nifedipine). Spinosad, a popular flea preventive medication, should not be supplied when high dosages of ivermectin are used to treat mite infestations. Combining spinosad with the minimal doses of ivermectin seen in heartworm preventives is safe.

Tell your vet about any medications your pet is receiving, including vitamins, supplements, and herbal treatments.

Is there any monitoring that needs to be done with this medication?

Before administering the medication, screening may be carried out on breeds of dogs who may be sensitive to ivermectin. A pet’s genetic mutation that causes negative reactions to ivermectin can be detected by DNA testing.

How do I store ivermectin?

Ivermectin-based products should be kept at room temperature, away from heat sources, in a dry, cold environment. The effectiveness of the medication may be lowered by heat or moisture exposure.

What should I do in case of emergency?

Call your veterinarian’s office right away if you think your pet may have taken too much medication or is having an unfavorable reaction to it. Follow their instructions for contacting an emergency facility if they are not readily available.

How do you use ivermectin to treat dog ear mites?

The most prevalent parasites in canine and feline ear canals are ear mites. We are all too aware of how Otodectes mites may seriously harm the lining of the ear canal, leaving behind an exudate known as “coffee grounds” that is made up of wax, blood, and epithelial cells. Numerous domestic and wild animal species have been found to have the ear mite. The ear mite is a non-burrowing psoroptic mite that consumes blood and lymph from epithelial cells. Their chewing mouthparts have the potential to harm the epithelium. Ear mites can produce an extremely itchy parasitic otitis in dogs and cats that is frequently accompanied by a bacterial infection and otitis media.

An unusual side effect of Otodectes infestation in cats is a response of systemic hypersensitivity. Otodectic mange, also known as miliary dermatitis, is a skin condition that causes papular, crusty eruptions around the neck, head, dorsolumbar region, and inguinal region. The ear mites can escape the ear canal and land on the skin when a cat with ear mites sleeps with its ear in the flank. When an infected cat scratches its ear and the mites land on the paw, a similar transfer takes place. These mites move along the skin and feed in an ectopic place. As a result, the mite antigens that are absorbed across the injured epithelium cause a hypersensitive reaction. In an experiment, sick cats responded instantly to an intradermal mite extract by becoming hypersensitive. After 35 days of infection, cats had an Arthus (Type III) reaction. 45 days after infection, serum precipitating antibodies were discovered. The possibility of otodectic mange should be taken into consideration, and the cat should be treated for Otodectes using a systemic acaricide such as ivermectin, fipronil, or sealmectin, when cats with miliary dermatitis do not respond to systemic steroids, such as methylprednisolone acetate (DepoMedrol, Pfizer), or to flea-control measures.

A cat with ear mites will move its head erratically and scratch its ears. The area between the lateral canthus of the eyelid and the ear may show signs of facial abrasions and hair loss. Examined ear canals reveal the typical dry, crusty exudates that range in color from reddish-brown to black. The dried wax and blood products are thought to be the source of the brown color. The mites appear as white insects crawling on the exudates’ surface under an otoscope.

The light arouses the mites and makes them more active, thus if the otoscope is held extremely steadily, the mite activity increases. The mites are frequently seen in colonies, with thousands of mites darting about, when examined with a video otoscope (Video Vetscope, MedRx, Inc., Largo, Florida), which has a high magnification and a bright light source (Figure 5-1).

Only a few mites may live in the ear canal in cases of dog ear mites. They frequently evade microscopic or otoscopic inspection. According to one theory, either the exudates in the ear canal kill the mites or the intense ear inflammation drives them out of the ear. In either scenario, the environment is hostile to the mites due to a local immune response to mite antigens in the dog’s ears. Otodectes symptoms may be more severe due to an Arthus-like rapid hypersensitivity reaction that is brought on by the presence of very few mites.

A mineral-oil roll smear is a helpful method for detecting ear mite infection in cases where Otodectes is suspected but no mites are visible otoscopically. Mineral oil is applied to a small cotton-tipped applicator before being used to swab out the ear canal exudates. The majority of the material gathered from the cotton tip is then transferred to the microscope slide by rolling the cotton tip back and forth within a drop of mineral oil. After that, the slide is covered and studied with a low-power (40 to 100) magnifying lens. Adult mites can plainly be seen crawling over the microscopic field, either individually or frequently in pairs representing breeding pairs. The characteristic long oval brown eggs of Otodectes may be the only sign of infection when few mites are present in the ear canal (Figure 5-2).

The ear mites are mostly found in the ears, where they feed on blood and epithelial cells using their gnawing mouthparts. In the ear canal, female Otodectes mites lay lone eggs, which hatch into adult mites in 2 to 3 weeks. Since ear mites reproduce quickly, a serious mite infestation may develop soon after an illness.

Otodectes is typically transmitted directly from animal to animal, despite the fact that ear mites can occasionally survive in the environment. Mites have the ability to climb onto any area of the body before migrating into the ear canal. Because they contracted Otodectes from their queens when still in the neonatal stage, many affected 6-week-old kittens suffer from serious ear problems. Ear mites can harm the entire population in environments with high animal density, such as shelters, pet stores, and breeding colonies. It is uncommon for an indoor, lonely, non-infected cat to have ear mites.

The ear canal epithelium and tympanic membrane are harmed by Otodectes’ aggressive feeding habits. The amount of the exudates is increased and is a result of increased ceruminous gland discharge. Loss of the protective epithelial barrier in the ear canal may lead to secondary bacterial infection; one contributing element is the increased serum-protein substrates that are made available to the bacteria as a result. These cells are unable to slide across the eardrum as a cleansing mechanism because ear mite damage to the germinal epithelium on the eardrum’s surface. As a result, waxy substance builds up on the eardrum and forms a wax plug. Otitis media is brought on by ear mites near the eardrum that can actually gnaw through the thin tympanic membrane and infiltrate the middle ear. It is unknown if ear mites that enter the middle ear can contribute to the development of nasopharyngeal polyps.

Otodectes have historically been treated by using ear drops in a variety of different carriers that contain a variety of pesticides. Prior to applying any topical drug, the ear canal should be thoroughly cleaned, ideally while the patient is sedated. This will accelerate the topical medication’s therapeutic benefits. Insecticides, which are inserted into the ear to kill the mites, are a component of all ear mite medicines. To aid loosen the inspissated ceruminous material, ceruminolytics, antibiotics to treat secondary bacterial infections, and mineral oil to help the debris float to the pinnal surface where it can be removed, are some of the extra ingredients found in some treatments. Mineral oil may also help the mites by smothering them by obstructing their breathing canals. In order to kill the mites hatching in the canal before the life cycle restarts, ear mite infection drops must be taken for at least 14 days. For cats that are allowed to wander freely and have ongoing mite infestations, retreatment at monthly intervals has been advised.

The anthelmintic ivermectin has been used to treat ear mites in dogs and cats since it has been shown to be an effective acaricide as well. Only dogs are eligible to take ivermectin as a heartworm prophylactic. Ivermectin injection is administered at a dose of 250 g/kg, or 0.1 ml every 10 pounds of body weight (Ivomec 1% injectable, Merial, Ltd.). Every 10 days to 2 weeks, it requires two or three subcutaneous injections. These injections treat the entire body because it is widely known that ear mites can survive on the skin. The environment’s contact animals should all receive the same care. As a topical ear mite treatment, ivermectin can also be inserted into each ear canal, although this medication contains propylene glycol, which can irritate the ear canal.

Ivermectin injections have been used to treat cats, and there have been some serious neurological responses and even fatalities reported. Adult cats are less likely to experience fatal side effects from treatment than kittens under 12 weeks old who get injection doses greater than 250 g/kg. The age at which kittens build the blood-brain barrier may be a contributing factor in this. It is believed that ivermectin can enter the brain of affected kittens without the blood-brain barrier being sufficiently developed, interact with brain gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) receptors, and result in the emergence of neurological symptoms. To treat the ears of kittens 4 weeks and older, a topical aqueous ivermectin 0.01% solution (Acarexx, Idexx) has been created. A 0.1% milbemycin oxime solution is another topical aqueous ear mite formulation that is secure for young kittens (Milbemite, Novartis). These individual foil packs of aqueous topical ear mite medicines each contain two premeasured plastic applicator ampules with 0.5 ml of solution.

Both the topical flea-control agents fipronil (Frontline TopSpot, Merial, Ltd.) and selamectin (Revolution, Pfizer) have been shown to exhibit miticidal activity in both dogs and cats. The use of either of these flea-control medications may help treat Otodectes in areas with high flea infestation rates. Pets wandering free may pick up new Otodectes mites on their skin from these insecticides, but the mites will be killed by the residual insecticide before they can reproduce. This might help to inhibit the growth of ear mites.

It is important to get treatment for otitis externa brought on by Otodectes infection. As long as the infection persists, antibiotic and antibiotic-steroid ear drops are used to treat it. If otitis media is present, the tympanic bulla and ear canal should be gently cleansed and suctioned to eliminate any debris that may have made its way within.

Can you kill ear mites with oral ivermectin?

Ivermectin-based flea medications and treatments paralyze the fleas and kill them, eliminating parasites like ear mites.

In addition to treating mange-causing hair mites, it is also used to treat ear mites. Additionally, take the medication orally rather than through injection.

How long does ivermectin take to eradicate dog ear mites?

Topical Remedies: Use for at least ten days The growing mite eggs can be killed by using this great ear product. This shortens the treatment period to 10 to 14 days and offers a great greasy lubricant for cleaning the ears.

What drug eliminates dog ear mites?

Yes, an infected dog can transmit ear mites to people. Although it’s uncommon, it is feasible. More commonly than not, ear mites from a contagious dog infect other pets in the house.

The effectiveness of natural treatments for dog ear mites has not been studied. You should always see your veterinarian before receiving a prescription for medication because there are several easily available, efficient treatments.

Although it’s believed that tea tree oil has some antibacterial and antifungal characteristics, it can burn and sting an infected ear and even damage your dog’s eardrum.


Instead, you should ask your veterinarian to recommend one of the safe, effective treatments for canine ear mites.

Utilizing hydrogen peroxide on swollen ears can be excruciatingly unpleasant. It might also hinder healing. 5

Do not use hydrogen peroxide to treat dog ear mites as there is no animal data on its disinfecting abilities.

Numerous medications, including as Milbemite, Acarex, Tresaderm, Frontline, Ivermectin, Selamectin, Advantage Multi, Simparica, and Bravecto, are known to eradicate dog ear mites.