Arthritis In Dogs: Types Of Canine Arthritis

In essence, arthritis is basically inflammation of joints. When we talk about arthritis in dogs, we generally consider to the leg joints and explaining dogs that are unbending and painful when they move. It the most common reason for a dog to visit their scrutinize. 

To understand better what happen in dog arthritis, we have to know what normal joint is like. A recent study showed that 20% of adult dogs affected by this problem. 

The old belief systems that all one could do for this problem for dogs was to give aspirins or cortisone, is outdated. There are many different approaches to help animals suffering from the pain and stiffness allied with arthritis.

Signs Of Dog Arthritis 

  • Limping and limited activity
  • Favoring one or both of the front or back limbs
  • Makes the dog less active by morning activity or cold weather
  • Pain by touching
  • Unwillingness to jump

Types of Canine Arthritis

There are few types of canine arthritis which we have to know for best dogs care and for their quality of life:

Degenerative Joint Disease

It is also known as osteoarthritis, is the condition that commonly occurs in older animals. It can affect any joint, but most dogs have pain in the legs and rarely in the spine. Mostly it will affect on those dogs that are overweight and over the years it leads to erosion of the cartilage. It also occurs in young animals if a joint has been injured or if they were born with abnormal joints.

Infectious Arthritis

This can develop in any age. This develops when organisms enter a joint multiply, which causes pain and swelling of the joint. If only one joint is affected, the infection may have started from a sore to the joint which allowed infection to enter.

Though, sometimes dogs can have infectious arthritis in many joints. In this case the bacteria regularly come from another part of the body where there is infection is active. Bacteria are carried in the bloodstream into the small joints of the body.

In essence, the dogs immune system is designed to protect from the infections, but it sometimes does more harm than good. This is involved in the development of a particularly painful kind of arthritis.

When it happens, the immune system can form little particles of antibodies which are stored on the lining of the joint membrane. These little particles can cause severe inflammation in the joints, with thickening of the membrane and movement of immune system cells into the joints.

Symptoms of this type include pain, and affected dogs can also show fever, lazy and poor appetite. This type of arthritis further divided into two categories erosive and non-erosive arthritis. 

  • Erosive arthritis is also known as rheumatoid. Here, the inflammatory cells move into the joint release enzymes that wear away the cartilage and the underlying bone.
  • Non-erosive dog arthritis doesn’t have any wearing of the cartilage, but they have an increase in white blood cells in the joint fluid, which can turn into mucus clots.

Canine Hip Dysplasia

This is caused by looseness in the socket linking the thighbone and hipbone.  The development regularly occurs when the dog is young but it can develop at any age.  A familiar sign is to hear a clicking sound when your dog walks.

Stifle Joint Disorder

This is when the knee and joint becomes unstable; usually from a stretched or torn ligament. This can also cause the joint cartilage to become damaged and inflamed.